Enterprise Architecture Program: Publications, Resources & Toolkit

Capitals in the Clouds Part VII - A Case Study of Cloud Procurement: California’s Cloud Infrastructure

  • 26 March 2015
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 13272
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Capitals in the Clouds Part VII - A Case Study of Cloud Procurement: California’s Cloud Infrastructure
NASCIO partnered with NASPO (National Association of State Procurement Officials) on a case study on California’s Cloud Infrastructure Initiative. The publication includes information and advice from the trenches from California officials. It is the first in a series of planned publications to be released by NASPO and NASCIO that will examine information technology procurement projects in states.

Capitals in the Clouds Part VI: Cloud Procurement: From Solicitation to Signing

  • 2 April 2014
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6855
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Capitals in the Clouds Part VI: Cloud Procurement: From Solicitation to Signing
As first reported in the NASCIO/TechAmerica/Grant Thornton 2013 State CIO Survey, The Enterprise Imperative: Leading Through Governance, Portfolio Management, and Collaboration, states continue to turn to cloud solutions, with services such as email and storage remaining the most popular. 74% of respondents said that their state has some applications in the cloud. For several years now, the NASCIO has discussed the transition in the state information technology environment as state CIOs sought new approaches to traditional delivery models. The recession prompted state leaders to examine new approaches and leverage technology opportunities. The use of cloud services by state government is the most obvious manifestation of this transition. In 2011, NASCIO launched its Capitals in the Clouds series on this topic. Three years later, states continue to investigate and to leverage cloud solutions, software as a service (SaaS) and infrastructure as a service, with services such as email and data storage remaining the most popular.

Rethinking the Dynamics of the RFP Process for Improved IT Procurement

  • 5 February 2014
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6170
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Rethinking the Dynamics of the RFP Process for Improved IT Procurement
The RFP process is multifaceted with a broad set of stakeholders including state CIOs, agency heads, state procurement officials, state procurement attorneys, private sector vendors, and many others. Taking this information into consideration, NASCIO has continually sought ways to encourage collaboration between CIOs, chief procurement officials and private IT sector vendors. As such, NASCIO identified the RFP process as one to which special attention must be paid.

Procurement: Avoiding Risky Business

  • 4 September 2013
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6170
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Procurement: Avoiding Risky Business

The NASCIO Procurement Modernization Committee, in partnership with TechAmerica and the National Association of State Procurement Officials, continues to focus on state IT procurement reforms and highlight best practices at the state level. This brief is the third in a series of recommendations set forth by this collaborative. The purpose of the brief is to highlight some of the strategies used to first identify, then to avoid, transfer, mitigate, and ultimately accept the risks associated with the procurement of IT products or services. Although not all risks can be identified, the goal should be to understand how much risk is associated with a specific IT procurement and what tools, processes, benchmarks, and methodologies are available to uniquely address IT procurement risks.

Limitations on Liability Infographic

  • 24 January 2013
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6114
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Limitations on Liability Infographic

NASCIO's 2004 publication NASCIO on Unlimited Liability - Gaining Traction on the Road to "Win-Win" recommended changes to the state IT procurement policy regarding limitations on liability, and research from 2010 and 2012 show subtle changes have occurred in the states. This infographic indicates which states have limitations on liability in statute, which states have none, and which states are able to negotiate limitations on a case by case basis, and compares the current situation to previous NASCIO research.

Leaving Performance Bonds at the Door for Improved IT Procurement

  • 1 August 2012
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6256
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Leaving Performance Bonds at the Door for Improved IT Procurement
This is the second in a series of briefs on IT procurement modernization. The brief focuses on performance bond trends for state IT projects and is intended to give an overview of how the surety market has significantly changed because of a wave of factors external to the IT industry. The amount of readily available performance bonds has become a challenge and, in some instances, bond companies have begun to require companies to partially or fully collateralize performance bonds with bank letters of credit. In order for states to lower costs and create a competitive procurement pool, states need to consider finding ways of leveraging existing protections and adjusting performance bond requirements if necessary. This brief was developed in partnership with TechAmerica and with contributions from the National Association of State Procurement Officials (NASPO).

Leveraging Enterprise Architecture for Improved IT Procurement

  • 10 July 2012
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6557
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Leveraging Enterprise Architecture for Improved IT Procurement
This brief seeks to present an overview of how the discipline of Enterprise Architecture (EA) can be used to improve and lower costs of state IT procurement. The degree of EA maturity in states can vary as much as the very rules that govern IT procurement, but a closer look will provide guidance on alignment of these vital functions of government. As stewards of tight budgets, it is imperative that state chief information officers (CIOs), state procurement officials, and other state leaders find the best values and are accountable for IT investments. State leaders should consider the benefits of aligning IT procurement and enterprise architecture not only as a way to deliver IT services more effectively, but also as a way to find savings through streamlined investments. This brief was developed in partnership with TechAmerica and with contributions from the National Association of State Procurement Officials (NASPO).

Gaining Traction on the Road to Win-Win: Limitations on Liability in State IT Contracting

  • 12 March 2010
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 4609
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Gaining Traction on the Road to Win-Win: Limitations on Liability in State IT Contracting
As state CIOs continue to deploy IT solutions, it is important to recognize the fiscal benefits of transforming the procurement process to meet the needs of a smaller workforce, budget constraints, and consolidation efforts. Because of current economic factors the state CIO is faced with not only budget constraints for needed IT goods and services, but also advocating for procurement reform that meets the needs of the 21st century. Gaining Traction on the Road to Win-Win presents the challenges associated with unlimited liability, and encourages the inclusion of risk management strategies for state IT contracts. The report also calls attention to the fact that state CIOs are better equipped to provide services to the state when flexible terms and conditions for procurement provisions are in place.

IT Procurement and Enterprise Architecture: Recognizing the Mutual Benefits

  • 1 October 2005
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 5774
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IT Procurement and Enterprise Architecture: Recognizing the Mutual Benefits
This brief highlights the benefits of a closer alignment between IT Procurement and Enterprise Architecture (EA), which includes improving and streamlining IT investment decisions in a way that supports the state’s overall strategic goals and intent. It also identifies “touchpoints” at which these two disciplines can establish stronger ties and concludes with recommendations on how states can start down the path to greater EA-IT Procurement alignment.

Getting What You Need on the Way to the Win-Win! Leveraging the RFP in State Technology Procurements

  • 1 May 2005
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 3811
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Getting What You Need on the Way to the Win-Win! Leveraging the RFP in State Technology Procurements
This publication was co-produced by NASCIO and NASPO (National Association of State Procurement Officials). This brief provides a broad view of how a variety of stakeholders can use the RFP (Request for Proposal) process to the state’s and the citizens’ benefit.
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About The Enterprise Architecture Program

The NASCIO Enterprise Architecture program was developed to enable the mission of state and local government. Government must continually reinvent itself to remain relevant by effectively and efficiently providing services to the citizens of this country. The path to this continual transformation must embrace leadership, management, coordination, communication and technology throughout government. Enterprise architecture is the discipline to appropriately define and leverage these capabilities within the complexities of government.

Funding to support the NASCIO EA Program and information sharing initiative is provided by a grant from the U.S. Department of Justice, the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs.

Enterprise Architecture Development Tool-Kit v3.0

October 2004

The enhancements in the third version of the Tool-Kit result from the expertise and continued dedication of enterprise architecture practitioners from all levels of government and the private sector. Version 3.0 incorporates an updated governance architecture framework with added roles and responsibilities and a focus on multi-level communication. Process models with explanatory narrative are included for governance and the architecture lifecycle. The Tool-Kit also includes fully populated security domain and application domain blueprints.