Enterprise Architecture Program: Publications, Resources & Toolkit

Leveraging Enterprise Architecture for Improved IT Procurement

  • 10 July 2012
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6513
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Leveraging Enterprise Architecture for Improved IT Procurement
This brief seeks to present an overview of how the discipline of Enterprise Architecture (EA) can be used to improve and lower costs of state IT procurement. The degree of EA maturity in states can vary as much as the very rules that govern IT procurement, but a closer look will provide guidance on alignment of these vital functions of government. As stewards of tight budgets, it is imperative that state chief information officers (CIOs), state procurement officials, and other state leaders find the best values and are accountable for IT investments. State leaders should consider the benefits of aligning IT procurement and enterprise architecture not only as a way to deliver IT services more effectively, but also as a way to find savings through streamlined investments. This brief was developed in partnership with TechAmerica and with contributions from the National Association of State Procurement Officials (NASPO).

Capitals in the Clouds Part III – Recommendations for Mitigating Risks: Jurisdictional, Contracting and Service Levels

  • 8 December 2011
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 11592
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Capitals in the Clouds Part III – Recommendations for Mitigating Risks: Jurisdictional, Contracting and Service Levels

Cloud computing will continue to be an invaluable resource for state and local governments in their efforts to rationalize and optimize computing resources. Cloud computing should be seen as an IT innovation that can support rationalization and optimization of business services as well as IT services. Due diligence prescribes the necessity of exploring and evaluating jurisdictional issues in order to ensure long term sustainability and growing adoption of collaborative government operations in state and local government.

Capitals in the Clouds - The Case for Cloud Computing in State Government Part I: Definitions and Principles

  • 16 June 2011
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 5960
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Capitals in the Clouds - The Case for Cloud Computing in State Government Part I: Definitions and Principles
Cloud computing has arrived as a serious alternative for state government. There are outstanding issues that must be faced and dealt with in order to maintain the reliability, responsibility, security, privacy, and citizen-confidence in government services. Government is exploring technology and business process innovations that will make the way for government to deliver existing services more economically. Cloud computing provides a number capabilities that have the potential for enabling such innovation.

A Call to Action: Information Exchange Strategies for Effective State Government

  • 28 April 2011
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 7716
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A Call to Action: Information Exchange Strategies for Effective State Government
NASCIO Recommends State Government Adopt the National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) to Enable Government Information Sharing

The National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) provides a broad range of products and capabilities for planning and implementing enterprise-wide information exchanges. Government effectiveness and citizen centric government services require effective cross line of business collaboration and communication. Use of national standards will avoid redundant investment and unnecessary variation. What is needed is a common discipline for information sharing that is employed by all government lines of business. NIEM exists as that discipline for federal, state and local government.

DO YOU THINK? OR DO YOU KNOW? PART II: The EA Value Chain, The Strategic Intent Domain, and Principles

  • 15 September 2010
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6695
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DO YOU THINK? OR DO YOU KNOW? PART II: The EA Value Chain, The Strategic Intent Domain, and Principles
Investment in business intelligence and business analytics must be driven by enterprise strategic intent. Proper leverage of analytics should start with a clear understanding of the outcomes state government is trying to achieve. This issue brief presents the rationale for analytics using the NASCIO Enterprise Architecture Value Chain as a framework for organizing the thinking and the questions which eventually drive investment in analytics capabilities. It builds on the foundational concepts discussed in NASCIO’s first issue brief on this subject, and strongly recommends an enterprise approach. Without an enterprise approach to analytics, investment across the enterprise is un-orchestrated and uncoordinated. That creates redundant investment in tools and training, and creates barriers to cross line of business collaboration. State government can not afford redundant and disconnected investment. One of the values of enterprise architecture is the management, optimization and simplification of investment within state government. Proper investment and application of analytics is essential to deploying effective and efficient government services. Finally, the level of complexity of analytical methods and tools depends on the complexity of the decisions and the issues.

DO YOU THINK? OR DO YOU KNOW? Improving State Government Operations Through Business Analytics

  • 10 February 2010
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 6781
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DO YOU THINK? OR DO YOU KNOW? Improving State Government Operations Through Business Analytics
Business analytics provides an evidence-based approach for decision making. With the current emphasis on transparency and visibility into the operations of government, government leaders need to anticipate more questions and evaluation related to not only what decisions are being made, but also what rationale was applied in making those decisions. As stated in this issue brief, intuition alone is not adequate for evaluating alternatives and making decisions. Effective implementation of a business analytics capability will promote an enterprise-wide culture of fact-based decision making. State government is encouraged to seriously look at business analytics as a means for fully understanding current circumstances and make predictions about the future. The predictive nature is particularly important as we continue to face ongoing fiscal challenges and increasing demand for state government services.

Data Governance Part III: Frameworks – Structure for Organizing Complexity

  • 20 May 2009
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 14425
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Data Governance Part III: Frameworks – Structure for Organizing Complexity
This issue brief presents the concept of frameworks that describes what constitutes a data governance program, with a focus on frameworks from the Data Management Association (DAMA), the Data Governance Institute (DGI), and IBM. Use of frameworks can assist state government in planning and executing on an effective data governance initiative. They assist in achieving completeness in a program. In any subject or discipline frameworks and maturity models assist in describing the scope – both breadth and depth – of an initiative. This holds true as well for data, information and knowledge management.

Data Governance Part II: Maturity Models – A Path to Progress

  • 10 March 2009
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 13054
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Data Governance Part II: Maturity Models – A Path to Progress
Data governance maturity models provide a foundational reference for understanding data governance and for understanding the journey that must be anticipated and planned for achieving effective governance of data, information and knowledge assets. This report continues to build on the concepts presented in Data Governance Part I. It presents a portfolio of data governance maturity models.

The MITA Touch: State CIOs and Medicaid IT Transformation

  • 27 August 2008
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 5570
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The MITA Touch: State CIOs and Medicaid IT Transformation
Medicaid transformation, and incorporating information technology into these efforts, is among the fastest-growing trends in healthcare today. With the introduction of the federal Medicaid IT Architecture (MITA) initiative, states are beginning to assess their current Medicaid systems and explore how the MITA initiative can foster information exchange and improve healthcare quality outcomes. This brief, a product of NASCIO’s Health IT Working Group, examines the ways in which state CIOs can play a role in the MITA effort, and how their enterprise view contributes to the holistic vision that MITA promotes across state agencies and all levels of government.

Governance of Geospatial Resources: “Where’s the Data? Show Me” - Maximizing the Investment in State Geospatial Resources

  • 23 July 2008
  • Author: Mike Cooke
  • Number of views: 10682
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Governance of Geospatial Resources: “Where’s the Data? Show Me” - Maximizing the Investment in State Geospatial Resources
Geospatial resources refer to a whole discipline around managing data with a spatial orientation or component to support better decision making. Geospatial resources include a field of knowledge, people, policies, processes, standards, and technology that are not only necessary for everyday decision making but also critical for continuity of operations and disaster recovery. A new emphasis on location aware is evidenced further as State CIOs named “GIS” on their Top Ten list of Priority Technologies for 2008. Geospatial resources are so ubiquitous anymore that state government as well as citizens and industry think “where?” regarding almost every issue. This issue brief explores government’s demand for geospatial resources and offers recommendations and calls to action for the state Chief Information Officer to meet that demand.
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About The Enterprise Architecture Program

The NASCIO Enterprise Architecture program was developed to enable the mission of state and local government. Government must continually reinvent itself to remain relevant by effectively and efficiently providing services to the citizens of this country. The path to this continual transformation must embrace leadership, management, coordination, communication and technology throughout government. Enterprise architecture is the discipline to appropriately define and leverage these capabilities within the complexities of government.

Funding to support the NASCIO EA Program and information sharing initiative is provided by a grant from the U.S. Department of Justice, the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs.

Enterprise Architecture Development Tool-Kit v3.0

October 2004

The enhancements in the third version of the Tool-Kit result from the expertise and continued dedication of enterprise architecture practitioners from all levels of government and the private sector. Version 3.0 incorporates an updated governance architecture framework with added roles and responsibilities and a focus on multi-level communication. Process models with explanatory narrative are included for governance and the architecture lifecycle. The Tool-Kit also includes fully populated security domain and application domain blueprints.