This report is a follow up to a 2019 survey by NASCIO, The Center for Digital Government and IBM, exploring how state CIOs and other state technologies are thinking about artificial intelligence. This follow up study includes new interviews with state CIOs in the wake of COVID-19 and the increased use of chatbots and other AI to respond to the pandemic. The report also details new pilot projects and uses cases for AI outside of COVID-19.
State CIOs are under increasing pressure to deliver a seamless, digital experience to citizens while providing key IT infrastructure support for state agencies. They will likely be asked to do more with less as state governments face ongoing budget pressure, especially in light of revenue shortfalls related to the COVID-19 pandemic. In this survey from NASCIO and EY, we explore how states are (or are not) governing their use of emerging technology, the challenges they face, and what technologies will be most likely used in their states.
2020 is a year that has undoubtedly been defined by the COVID-19 pandemic. In this eleventh annual state chief information officer (CIO) survey, we received the perspective of 47 state and territory CIOs on the extraordinary and unprecedented challenges they faced this year. In addition to directly addressing the issues and lessons learned by CIOs in responding to the pandemic, we also received updates from CIOs on many of the traditional topics covered by the survey, including CIO organization business models, digital government, adoption of cloud and emerging technologies and state and local collaboration. As might be expected, there was not a single topic area where the pandemic did not impact state CIO experiences in some way. The continuing work to address the immediate challenges of COVID-19 and to prepare for the long-term impacts to state and citizen work and personal lives is reflected throughout this year’s survey.
When the COVID-19 pandemic hit the United States in March 2020, states experienced unprecedented surges in online inquiries and transactions. Many digital services and call centers supporting government services were overwhelmed. Citizens were frustrated and the states needed to respond quickly with new approaches. Automation, in the form of chatbots, was quickly developed and deployed to supplement existing human resources. NASCIO research estimates that today around three-quarters of states are deploying chatbots to assist with questions on unemployment insurance, general COVID-19 questions or for other state agencies that may be receiving unusually high traffic due to the pandemic. These chatbots have responded to millions of citizen questions and continue to learn and build on the existing knowledge base. This publication includes state examples, predictions for the future and links to state chatbots.
State IT Recognition Awards Recipient in the category Emerging & Innovative Technologies
In its 10th iteration, the 2019 State CIO Survey, The Responsive State CIO: Connecting to the Customer, takes a deep dive into how state IT leaders are targeting their responses to customer needs, in addition to managing the evolving IT responsibilities of state leaders. The survey is a joint publication of NASCIO, Grant Thornton LLP and CompTIA and includes responses from 49 state and territory CIOs on a range of issues. Two new topics for this year are customer relationship management and state and local collaboration. The 2019 State CIO Survey also highlights CIO business models, IT cost management, workforce, cybersecurity, performance management, acquisition, cloud services, digital government, data management and analytics and emerging technologies.
This year, NASCIO and the Center for Digital Government, with support from IBM, set out to understand state CIOs’ motivations, plans and deterrents around AI adoption. The survey, Delivering on Digital Government: Achieving the Promise of Artificial Intelligence, yielded responses from 45 states. The results reflect state leaders’ eagerness to gain efficiencies and free up their workforces for higher-value work, tempered by caution due to concerns around lack of data maturity and privacy policies, as well as a dearth of employees with the necessary skills for AI adoption.
As internal and external pressures continue to mount, state technology leaders say they are confident that by building strong teams and embracing new products and development processes, state IT departments will be able to improve how they serve government agencies and residents. Those and other factors contributed heavily to the 2018 State CIO Survey, State CIO as Communicator: The Evolving Nature of Technology Leadership. The survey includes responses from all 50 state CIOs on a range of issues, from evolving business models to workforce and budget to access to innovation and facing the future. Respondents to this year’s survey represent more than 150 years of collective service as a state’s top technology official.
As artificial intelligence (AI) becomes more and more a part of our daily lives, we are seeing state governments and state CIOs turning to AI for a broad host of applications. This publication discusses the definitions around artificial intelligence (AI), as well as the challenges, opportunities and applications for state governments. The report also lays out several examples of how states are using AI, along with considerations for its development and implementation. From their role as change managers, to involvement in procurement, the publication also outlines the implications for state CIOs.
Bhanu Narayana, Infosys Public Services presents How Blockchain Can Help Improve Service Delivery from the Game Changers session at the NASCIO 2017 Annual Conference in Austin, TX.
In 5 minutes, speakers highlighted a future disrupter for state government.